Russian imperfective verbs

Learn Russian imperfective verbs from our series “Russian Word of the Day”. Every verb comes with two examples and audio.

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понима́ть [pa-nee-mát'] Verb , imperfective
to understand
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обма́нывать [ab-má-ny-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to deceive, to cheat; to trick; to swindle; to be unfaithful to (one's spouse)
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устава́ть [us-ta-vát'] Verb , imperfective
to get tired
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шить [sheet'] Verb , imperfective
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возмуща́ться [vaz-mu-schá-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to be indignant, to be shocked, to be outraged
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проходи́ть [pra-ha-déet'] Verb , imperfective
to pass / go / walk (by / through / over / along); to be held; to be over; to go off
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подли́зываться [pad-lée-zy-va-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to lick somebody's boots, to wheedle, to flatter, to insinuate, to suck up to
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хва́статься [hvás-ta-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to brag, to boast
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подраба́тывать [pad-ra-bá-ty-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to earn additionally, to earn on the side
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выра́щивать [vy-rá-schee-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to grow, to raise, to cultivate; to breed, to raise
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дура́читься [du-rá-chee-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to fool around, to play tricks, to play the fool
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рассма́тривать [ras-mát-ree-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to look at, to examine, to view; to consider
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нести́ [nees-tée] Verb , imperfective
to carry
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забо́титься [za-bó-tee-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to care for, to take care of, to look after
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по́лдничать [póld-nee-chat'] Verb , imperfective
to have an afternoon snack (poldnik)
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буди́ть [bu-déet'] Verb , imperfective
to wake somebody up
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расстра́иваться [rast-rá-ee-va-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to get upset; to be out of tune (musical instruments); to fall apart (plans, etc.)
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подсма́тривать [pat-smát-ree-vát'] Verb , imperfective
to spy, to peep
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наде́яться [na-dyé-ya-tsa] Verb , imperfective
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подслу́шивать [pat-slú-shee-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to eavesdrop, to overhear
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спать [spat'] Verb , imperfective
to sleep, to be asleep
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собира́ться [sa-bee-rá-tsa] Verb , imperfective
to prepare, to get ready; to be going, to be about, to intend; to gather, to assemble
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вяза́ть [vee-zát'] Verb , imperfective
to knit, to crochet
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писа́ть [pee-sát'] Verb , imperfective
to write
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зашка́ливать [za-shká-lee-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to be off scale / too much / through the roof
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нака́зывать [na-ká-zy-vat'] Verb , imperfective
to punish
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знать [znat'] Verb , imperfective
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преодолева́ть [pree-a-da-lee-vát'] Verb , imperfective
to overcome, to overpass, to surmount, to get over
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ползти́ [palz-tée] Verb , imperfective
to crawl
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мочь [moch] Verb , imperfective
to be able, can

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